Male reproductive health statistics
Male reproductive health disorders are disorders of the reproductive system such as testicular cancer, male infertility, prostate disease (including prostate cancer), erectile dysfunction and androgen deficiency. Male reproductive health disorders are very common and can have a significant effect on a man’s quality of life and relationships.
Facts about male reproductive health disorders
More than a third (34%) of men aged over 40 years report having one or more reproductive health problems, all being more common amongst older men.
Most common in older men, about 1 in 7 Australian men over 40 years of age will suffer from problems with their prostate: the most common prostate disease is a non-cancerous growth (enlargement) of the prostate called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH).
In 2007, more than 19,000 males were diagnosed with prostate cancer: nearly 3,000 men died from prostate cancer.
Testicular cancer is the second most common cancer in men aged from 18 to 39: in 2007, nearly 700 men were diagnosed with testicular cancer. But it is easy to treat and, when found early, nearly all men (over 95 per cent) are cured.
About one in 20 men in Australia are infertile.
About one in 200 men in Australia suffer from low testosterone levels.
Klinefelter’s Syndrome is the most common chromosomal disorder in men: about one in 650 men have an extra X chromosome, so instead of having the normal 46XY chromosomes in their genes, there are 47XXY or similar variations.
- It is suspected that as many as three quarters of men with Klinefelter’s syndrome are not diagnosed and so remain untreated for life.
About one in five Australian men over the age of 40 have problems getting or keeping an erection (erectile dysfunction or impotence).
- Emerging research suggests that there are strong links between reproductive health disorders and chronic disease (such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes).
Useful men’s health reports
- The health of Australia’s males (2013): from birth to young adulthood (0-24 years). Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) report.
- The health of Australia’s males (2013): 25 years and over. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) report.
- The Health of Australia’s Males (2012): a focus on five population groups. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) report.
- The Health of Australia’s Males (2011). Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) report.
- Review of Indigenous male health (2010). Authors: Neil Thomson, Richard Midford, Olivier Debuyst and Andrea MacRae.
- The National Male Health Policy (2010). Building on the Strengths of Australian Males.
In May 2010 the Australian Government released the National Male Health Policy, the first for Australia. The National Male Health Policy provides a framework for improving the health of all males and achieving equal health outcomes for population groups of males at risk of poor health.
- A snapshot of men’s health in rural and regional Australia (2010). Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) report.
- Men in Australia Telephone Survey (MATeS) (2005): Examining the reproductive health of middle-aged and older Australian men. Andrology Australia.
- Men in Australia, Telephone Survey (MATeS) (2005): Sex, fertility and contraceptive use in middle-aged and older Australian men. Andrology Australia.
- Men in Australia, Telephone Survey (MATeS) (2004): Methods, coding manual and questionnaire. Andrology Australia.
- Education Report (2003): Needs Analysis of Community Education in Australia on Male Reproductive Health. Andrology Australia